Endogenous cholecystokinin does not decrease food intake or gastric emptying in fasted rats.
To investigate the hypothesized inhibitory effect of cholecystokinin (CCK) released from the small intestine on food intake and gastric emptying, we infused soybean trypsin inhibitor (STI) into the stomach or duodenum of male rats deprived of food for 17 h. Intraduodenal infusions of STI (100-200 mg) before real or sham feeding, or during sham feeding, had no effect on food intake. Intragastric infusions of STI (100-200 mg) also had no effect on gastric emptying. Identical infusions of STI, however, increased bioassayable plasma CCK six to ninefold. The failure of endogenous, small intestinal CCK released by STI to decrease food intake or to decrease gastric emptying is evidence against the hypothesis that the inhibitions of food intake and of gastric emptying are physiological functions of small intestinal CCK in food-deprived rats. In contrast to the negative results with STI, administration of exogenous CCK-8 (2-4 micrograms/kg ip) significantly inhibited food intake and gastric emptying despite producing smaller increases of plasma CCK than STI produced. The reason for the differential effects of exogenous and endogenous CCK is not clear and requires further investigation.
Smith, GP; Greenberg, D; Falasco, JD; Avilion, AA; Gibbs, J; Liddle, RA; Williams, JA
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