Potassium channels regulate cholecystokinin secretion in STC-1 cells.
Following blockade of plasma membrane potassium channels with barium or tetraethylammonium chloride, release of cholecystokinin was increased in an intestinal cell line (STC-1). Treatment with calcium channel blockers inhibited barium- or TEA-induced secretion. Barium chloride also stimulated 45Ca efflux from STC-1 cells. Whole cell patch clamp recordings revealed a voltage-activated, L-type calcium current. We conclude that, inhibition of basally active potassium channels may depolarize STC-1 cells, producing activation of voltage-gated calcium influx pathways. Influx of calcium may lead to a release of intracellular calcium which stimulates cholecystokinin secretion.
Snow, ND; Mangel, AW; Sharara, AI; Liddle, RA
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