The effects of donor-specific blood transfusion enhancement of rat renal allografts on host NK cell responses.
Donor-specific blood transfusion (DSBT) given 1-2 weeks prior to transplantation prolongs the survival of fully allogeneic ACI (RT1a) renal allografts in PVG (RT1c) recipients from 6-8 days to greater than 100 days. We have previously demonstrated that ACI kidneys transplanted to autologous blood transfusion (ABT)- or DSBT-pretreated PVG recipients stimulated an increase in CD8+ (OX8+) cells in the peripheral blood by 6 days after transplantation. To determine whether this increase represents a general expansion of the entire CD8+ population or only a subpopulation of CD8+ cells, subset analysis was performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes depleted of cells reactive with monoclonal antibodies against rat alpha beta T cell receptor (TCR), CD8, or NK cells (R7.3, OX8, or 3.2.3, respectively). Phenotypic studies of PBL depleted of CD8+ cells demonstrated that all 3.2.3+ NK cells coexpressed CD8; depletion of 3.2.3+ PBL revealed a second subpopulation of CD8+3.2.3- cells comprised predominantly of alpha beta TCR+ T cells. In naive PVG rats the prevalence of these two CD8+ subpopulations was approximately equal. Both ABT- and DSBT-pretreated renal allograft recipients demonstrated a significant and equivalent expansion of the CD8+ cell subpopulation that coexpresses the 3.2.3 NK marker. In contrast, the second subpopulation of CD8+3.2.3- cells did not change significantly after allografting. There were also no differences between DSBT and ABT pretreated rats in activity of PBL against the NK targets YAC-1 and Doxie at 6 days after renal transplantation, though the level of activity was modestly increased compared with naive controls. These findings indicate that renal transplantation in the rat is associated with a significant increase in PBL with the NK phenotype (CD8+3.2.3+) and a modest increase of NK activity, but that DSBT enhancement does not affect this NK cell response.
Wasowska, B; Howell, DN; Baldwin, WM; Sanfilippo, F
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