Interaction of Bordetella pertussis with mast cells, modulation of cytokine secretion by pertussis toxin.
Together with macrophages and dendritic cells, mast cells have recently been shown to interact with certain pathogenic bacteria and present microbial antigens to the immune system. We show here that Bordetella pertussis can adhere to and be phagocytosed by mast cells. In addition, mast cells are able to process and present B. pertussis antigens to T lymphocytes. Furthermore, exposure of mast cells to B. pertussis induced the release of the proinflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 6 (IL-6). The release of IL-6 was strongly reduced by pertussis toxin expressed by B. pertussis. The production of IL-10, but not that of IL-4, by mast cells was also inhibited by pertussis toxin. Depletion of mast cells in vivo resulted in significant reduction of early TNF-alpha production in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids of B. pertussis-infected mice. These data suggest that mast cells may play a role in the induction of immune responses against B. pertussis through the release of cytokines, especially TNF-alpha.
Mielcarek, N; Hörnquist, EH; Johansson, BR; Locht, C; Abraham, SN; Holmgren, J
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