Snare protein expression and adenoviral transfection of amphicrine AR42J.
The amphicrine AR42J acinar cell line is an excellent model to study both exocrine and neuroendocrine exocytotic mechanisms. As a first step toward this goal, we determined the specific isoforms of the v- and t-SNARE and Munc18 families expressed in these cells. In addition, we show that dexamethasone-induced differentiation toward the exocrine phenotype causes an upregulation of several of these proteins. AR42J is notoriously difficult to transfect, limiting its usefulness as a model. However, we have now overcome this obstacle by acheiving high efficiency expression of a beta-galactosidase reporter gene and truncated SNAP-25 gene using adenoviral infection techniques. The AR42J cells can now be used to pursue and elucidate the distinct functions of individual SNARE isoforms used in endocrine and exocrine secretion within a single cell line.
Gaisano, HY; Huang, X; Sheu, L; Ghai, M; Newgard, CB; Trinh, KY; Trimble, WS
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