Fundamental metabolic differences between hepatocytes and islet beta-cells revealed by glucokinase overexpression.
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of the glucose phosphorylating enzyme glucokinase causes large changes in glycolytic flux and glucose storage in isolated rat hepatocytes, but not in pancreatic islets. We have used the well-differentiated insulinoma cell line INS-1 to investigate the basis for these apparent cell-type specific differences. We find that 2- or 5-[3H]glucose usage is increased at low (
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