The polymorphic locus for glycogen storage disease VI (liver glycogen phosphorylase) maps to chromosome 14.
Human liver glycogen phosphorylase deficiency, also known as glycogen storage disease type VI (GSD VI) or Hers disease, is characterized by hepatomegaly and reduced or absent glycogenolytic response to the injection of glucagon. The recently isolated cDNA encoding the liver isozyme of glycogen phosphorylase was used to map the gene and identify restriction-fragment polymorphisms in normal Caucasians as a prerequisite for detecting linked GSD VI abnormalities. Results of restriction-enzyme analysis using a downstream fragment of the liver glycogen phosphorylase cDNA indicated the existence of a single gene copy per haploid genome. Hybridization of this downstream liver phosphorylase probe to dual laser-excited, sorted human chromosomes localized the gene to human chromosome 14. When the downstream probe was tested on genomic DNA cut with seven different restriction enzymes, a single MspI restriction-fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) was observed in a single individual. In contrast, similar Southern blots performed with an upstream portion of the cDNA encoding liver phosphorylase revealed common RFLPs for four of eight enzymes tested, with minor polymorphic allele frequencies ranging from 33% to 44%. One of the four enzymes (TaqI) revealed two independent polymorphisms. If random distribution of these haplotypes among normal and disease loci, is assumed, approximately 92% of fetuses at risk for Hers disease will be informative when tested with the upstream liver phosphorylase probe.
Newgard, CB; Fletterick, RJ; Anderson, LA; Lebo, RV
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