Human C5a modulates monocyte Fc and C3 receptor expression.
FcIgG and C3 (CR1 and CR3) receptors are responsible for binding opsonized particles, phagocytosis, and immune adherence reactions by circulating and tissue-fixed mononuclear phagocytes. Alterations in the expression of these receptors may thus significantly influence the function of these cells. Because chemoattractants have been shown to both recruit and modulate the function of monocytes, this study specifically examines the effects of human C5a and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenyl-alanine (FMLP) on human peripheral blood monocyte FcIgG and C3 receptor expression in vitro. Adherent, elutriator-purified monocytes were incubated with C5a (10(-7) to 10(-10) M) or FMLP (10(-5) to 10(-10) M) for 30 min at 37 degrees C, and FcIgG receptor expression was assessed by rosetting with sheep erythrocytes sensitized with limiting dilutions of IgG. Human C5a caused dose-related increases in Fc rosettes of 28% at 10(-9) M, 63% at 10(-8) M, and 167% at 10(-7) M (p less than 0.01). In contrast, no significant increases in monocyte Fc receptor expression were induced by FMLP. Similar rosetting experiments were performed with sheep erythrocytes opsonized with limiting amounts of human C3b to assess C3b receptor expression on adherent human monocytes stimulated with C5a (10(-7) to 10(-10) M) or FMLP (10(-6) to 10(-9) M) for 30 min at 37 degrees C. Again, human C5a caused dose-related increases in monocyte C3b rosette formation; at 10(-8) M and 10(-7) M concentrations of C5a, these increases equaled 119% and 196%, respectively (p less than 0.05). In these experiments, 10(-6) M FMLP also caused a significant increase of 110% in monocyte C3b rosette formation (p less than 0.05). Modulation of monocyte cell surface receptors by human C5a or FMLP was also examined by measuring cell fluorescence and side scatter by dual channel flow cytometry after staining normal leukocytes in citrated venous blood with receptor-specific monoclonal antibodies. These flow cytometric studies demonstrated that both C5a and FMLP induce dose-related increases in CR1 (C3b receptor) and CR3 (iC3b receptor) expression in both monocytes and neutrophils.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Yancey, KB; O'Shea, J; Chused, T; Brown, E; Takahashi, T; Frank, MM; Lawley, TJ
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