Immunologic reactivity in the hypereosinophilic syndrome.

Published

Journal Article

Because previous studies have suggested an important link between eosinophilia and immunologic reactivity, we investigated various components of the immune system in a large number of patients with the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) to elucidate a possible role for immunologic phenomena in the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease. Immunoglobulin G, A, or M levels were only rarely abnormal. However, in 8 of 21 (38%) patients with HES, IgE levels were markedly elevated suggesting an association of an IgE-mediated mechanism with eosinophilia in this subgroup. Severe dermatographism was present in three fourths of patients, and 2 patients with intermittently elevated histamine levels manifested an unusual form of immediate-pressure urticaria. Serum complement determinations showed elevated C4 and C3 levels in 27% and 77% of patients, respectively. Antigen-antibody complexlike material measured by C1q binding was elevated in the serum of 7 of 22 (32%) patients; this finding may relate to the known ability of eosinophils to avidly phagocytose antigen-antibody complexes. When compared with normals, lymphocytes from patients with HES showed a variety of abnormalities of lymphocyte surface receptors and lymphocyte function. Thus, patients with HES demonstrate a variety of immunologic abnormalities which may be related primarily or secondarily to the pathogenesis of this syndrome.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Parrillo, JE; Lawley, TJ; Frank, MM; Kaplan, AP; Fauci, AS

Published Date

  • August 1, 1979

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 113 - 121

PubMed ID

  • 313411

Pubmed Central ID

  • 313411

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6825

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-6749

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0091-6749(79)90044-7

Language

  • eng