Rat sulfite oxidase antibodies cross-react with two gene family-related proteins: albumin and vitamin D-binding protein.
Screening lambda cDNA libraries from rat liver with antibody to native rat liver sulfite oxidase (RLSO) showed cross-reaction with two proteins that belong to the same gene family: serum albumin and vitamin D-binding protein. Antibodies raised against native RLSO or sodium dodecyl sulfate-denatured protein cross-reacted with these proteins by Western blot analysis. The relative effectiveness of RLSO antibody binding was estimated to be 1/5 for rat serum albumin and 1/10 for rat vitamin D-binding protein. This result was not caused by contaminating proteins in the RLSO used for immunization as the RLSO preparation did not react with rat serum albumin antibody. RLSO antibodies, selected for their ability to bind rat serum albumin immobilized on nitrocellulose, recognized both rat serum albumin and RLSO. RLSO antibody, with albumin-reactive antibody removed, still recognized vitamin D-binding protein, suggesting that multiple determinants specific to each protein are involved in the cross-reaction. Comparison of RLSO antibody binding to the rat and human proteins indicated that the determinants were species-specific. cDNA clones identified by screening cDNA libraries with RLSO antibody demonstrated that these determinants reside in the C-terminal domain of these proteins. These results suggest that these proteins contain some common immunological features and may be evolutionarily related.
Bellissimo, DB; Rajagopalan, KV
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