Mechanisms of inactivation of molybdoenzymes by cyanide.
The reduced forms of xanthine oxidase, xanthine dehydrogenase, aldehyde oxidase, and sulfite oxidase are inactivated by cyanide. Following gel filtration to remove excess of reductant and cyanide, the isolated enzymes remain inactive. Thiocyanate, a product of inactivation of the oxidized forms of the xanthine- and aldehyde-oxidizing enzymes by cyanide, is not released during inactivation of the reduced enzymes. Studies with [14C]cyanide show that, while stoichiometric binding is required for the onset of inactivation, its continued binding is not essential to maintenance of the inactivated state. Electron paramagnetic resonance and absorption spectroscopic studies on the isolated inactivated enzymes show that prosthetic groups other than molybdenum are fully oxidized but that the molybdenum centers are modified. Reactivation is accomplished by incubation with suitable oxidants. Aerobic reactivation of inactive sulfite oxidase required only 1 eq of ferricyanide/active site. However, under rigorously anaerobic conditions, 3 to 4 mol of ferricyanide/active site were reduced, indicating that the molybdenum centers in the inactive enzyme had been reduced below the levels attained by the native enzyme during catalysis.
Coughlan, MP; Johnson, JL; Rajagopalan, KV
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