Women's reports of smoking cessation advice during reproductive health visits and subsequent smoking cessation.
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of women's characteristics with reports of provider advice to quit smoking and smoking cessation 1 year after a reproductive health visit. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective survey. METHODS: As part of a randomized smoking cessation trial, 432 women smokers completed telephone surveys 1 month and 1 year after their reproductive health visit. Most women were white (85%) with a mean age of 36 years. RESULTS: Women more likely to report their provider advised them to quit smoking were white rather than another race (adjusted risk ratio, [RR] = 1.4, confidence interval [CI] = 1.14-1.64), employed versus unemployed (RR = 1.3, CI = 1.04-1.49), engaged in safer versus riskier sexual practices (RR = 1.3, CI = 1.09-1.54), were more rather than less ready to quit (RR = 1.3, Cl = 1.08-1.44), and saw family physicians versus gynecologists (RR = 1.3, CI = 1.12-1.41). Reported provider advice to quit smoking was not associated with subsequent cessation. Women were more likely to have quit smoking by the 1-year follow-up if at baseline they reported an annual Papanicolaou test in the prior 3 years (RR = 1.6, Cl = 1.02-2.26), were more rather than less ready to quit smoking (RR = 2.0, CI = 1.36-2.62), and were less rather than more dependent on nicotine (RR = 0.7, CI = 0.59-0.84). CONCLUSIONS: Provider advice to quit is being directed to women who are most likely to quit and contributes little in explaining subsequent cessation. Providers may not be giving enough cessation advice to minority women, those not considering cessation, and those not prevention oriented. Interventions and system improvements are needed to increase providers' counseling of smokers who are unmotivated and from racial/ethnic minorities.
Pollak, KI; McBride, CM; Scholes, D; Grothaus, LC; Civic, D; Curry, SJ
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