Beta ig-h3 is synthesized by corneal epithelium and perhaps endotheliumin Fuchs' dystrophic corneas.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE:Deposition of abnormal sub-epithelial matrix and posterior collagenous layer by epithelium and endothelium, respectively, in Fuchs' dystrophy gives us the opportunity to determine if these tissues synthesize beta ig-h3. METHODS:Immunohisto-/immunocytochemistry of corneas were conducted with rabbit anti-human beta ig-h3 and monoclonal anti-human type VI collagen. Labeled sense and anti-sense beta ig-h3 oligonucleotide probes were used for in situ hybridization. RESULTS:beta ig-h3-specific fluorescence was found just beneath detached epithelium in the sub-epithelial matrix, abnormal Descemet's membrane and posterior collagenous layer. Type VI collagen co-localized with beta ig-h3 within abnormal sub-epithelial matrix and corneal stroma adjacent to Descemet's membrane. beta ig-h3 mRNA was detected in corneal epithelium of dystrophic corneas. CONCLUSIONS:Expression of beta ig-h3 in sub-epithelial matrix and posterior collagenous layer of Fuchs' dystrophy is consistent with the synthesis of new extracellular matrices by epithelial and endothelial tissues. beta ig-h3 mRNA in corneal epithelium further supports an epithelial source of this protein. Endothelial synthesis of beta ig-h3 is based on circumstantial evidence due to cell loss during surgical and histological procedures. Co-localization of beta ig-h3 with type VI collagen in abnormal sub-epithelial matrix and at the stromal/Descemet's membrane interface suggest this collagen in association with beta ig-h3 interacts with these tissues and anchors them to the adjacent stroma.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Hirano, K; Klintworth, GK; Zhan, Q; Bennett, K; Cintron, C

Published Date

  • September 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 965 - 972

PubMed ID

  • 8921218

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8921218

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2202

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0271-3683

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/02713689609017642

Language

  • eng