Proteoglycans contain a 4.6-A repeat in corneas with macular dystrophy: II. Histochemical evidence.


Journal Article

PURPOSE: Synchrotron x-ray diffraction experiments indicate that corneas with macular corneal dystrophy (MCD) contain unusual 4.6-A periodic repeats thought to reside in proteoglycans or glycosaminoglycans. Recently the 4.6-A x-ray reflection was found to be significantly diminished after incubation of MCD specimens in buffer containing chondroitinase ABC or N-glycanase. We examined the sulfated proteoglycans in these glycosidase-digested MCD corneas. METHODS: Transmission electron microscopy was used in conjunction with cuprolinic blue-staining for sulfated proteoglycans. RESULTS: Incubation of an MCD specimen in enzyme buffer left both small and large proteoglycan filaments in the stromal matrix, whereas incubation in the presence of chondroitinase ABC removed these molecules from the tissue. Incubation in buffer containing N-glycanase, on the other hand, removed the large proteoglycan filaments from the MCD stroma but left unaffected the small collagen-associated proteoglycans. CONCLUSION: These results are consistent with the interpretation that 4.6-A periodic repeats in MCD corneas reside in large sulfated proteoglycan filaments (or aggregates thereof) that may contain chondroitin/dermatan sulfate and keratan sulfate or keratan components.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Quantock, AJ; Klintworth, GK; Schanzlin, DJ; Lenz, ME; Thonar, EJ

Published Date

  • May 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 322 - 326

PubMed ID

  • 9143806

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9143806

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0277-3740


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States