Familial tandem duplication of bands q31.1 to q32.3 on chromosome 4 with mild phenotypic effect.
We describe a family carrying a direct duplication of an interstitial segment of the distal long arm of chromosome 4(q31.1q32.3) with a mild clinical phenotype. Affected family members include a 27-year-old woman and 2 of her 4 children, 1 of whom also has Klinefelter syndrome. Although 8 cases of simple duplications or insertions of 4q material have been described, only 3 include bands q31-q32, and these involve additional adjacent material. Affected members of the pedigree reported here have some of the manifestations of previously described cases of duplication 4q, but are less severely affected, suggesting that the genetic material in this region is well tolerated as a partial trisomy.
Goodman, BK; Capone, GT; Hennessey, J; Thomas, GH
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