Cytologic findings in vitreous fluids. Analysis of 74 specimens.

Published

Journal Article

To review the cytologic findings of vitreous specimens and propose a simplified approach to them.Seventy-four vitreous specimens from 60 patients obtained either during a pars plana vitrectomy or by vitreous aspiration were reviewed. Clinical correlation was obtained on all patients.Findings suggestive of a specific disorder were present in 30 specimens (41%); cytologic examination of the remaining 44 showed nonspecific changes. A lymphoproliferative disorder, the intraocular malignancy suspected most often in this series, was identified in eight specimens (11%). Large cell lymphomas were evident in 5 specimens, 2 specimens were suspicious for lymphoma, and 1 specimen was consistent with plasmacytoma. Twelve specimens (16%) contained hemorrhage. In rare instances, specific infectious agents, such as parasites (5%), bacteria (1%) and fungi (3%), could be identified. The diagnosis of viral infections required ancillary studies. Lens fragments were identified in four cases (5%), and a diagnosis of lens-induced endophthalmitis could be rendered in one case (1%). Changes consistent with sarcoidosis were present in 3% of cases.Based on this experience with vitreous specimens submitted for clinical reasons, we found that they could be divided into three broad diagnostic categories: inflammation/infection (54 specimens/41 patients), hemorrhage (12 specimens/12 patients) and malignancy (8 specimens/7 patients).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, K; Klintworth, GK; Dodd, LG

Published Date

  • March 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 201 - 206

PubMed ID

  • 10097710

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10097710

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1938-2650

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-5547

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1159/000330977

Language

  • eng