Nutritional deficiencies in a patient with glycogen storage disease type Ib.
The current mainstay of treatment in glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I) is dietary management that includes providing a frequent source of glucose to prevent hypoglycaemia. To ensure compliance, routine follow-up by a health care team, including a dietitian, experienced in the treatment of GSD is necessary. We describe an adolescent patient with GSD Ib in good metabolic control who was admitted with a 3-month history of weakness, depression, vomiting, decreased appetite and a 11.4-kg weight loss. He had a recent onset of unsteady gait, inability to write, and sore mouth. After an extensive work-up, the patient was found to have vitamin B12, folate, iron and other nutritional deficiencies, which explained his symptoms. The patient improved within 72 h of initiation of total parenteral nutrition and therapeutic doses of deficient micronutrients, with a complete recovery in 2 months. Dietary restrictions, dependence on non-food products (e.g. cornstarch in GSD I), and social and developmental issues place individuals with metabolic disorders at a high risk for developing an array of nutritional deficiencies. This case highlights the importance of both close follow-up of the metabolic control and close monitoring of growth and nutritional intake in individuals with inborn errors of metabolism. This case also illustrates the importance of daily supplementation with appropriate multivitamins, calcium and other minerals needed to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) in these patients.
Kishnani, PS; Boney, A; Chen, YT
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