Genotype-phenotype correlation in two frequent mutations and mutation update in type III glycogen storage disease.
Deficiency of glycogen debranching enzyme (AGL) activity causes glycogen storage disease type III (GSD-III). Generalized loss of AGL activity results in GSD-IIIa, and muscle-specific retention of AGL activity results in GSD-IIIb. To date, no common mutation has been described among GSD-III patients, except for three alleles; two linked specifically with GSD-IIIb, and the third found only in North African Jews with GSD-IIIa. Here we report two frequent mutations, each of which was found in the homozygous state in multiple patients, and each of which was associated with a subset of clinical phenotype in those patients with that mutation. A novel point mutation of a single T deletion at cDNA position 3964 (3964delT) was first detected in an African American patient, who has a severe phenotype and early onset of clinical symptoms. The second mutation was an A to G transition at position -12 upstream of the 3' splice site of intron 32 (IVS32-12A > G). This lesion, previously implicated as a IIIb mutation in a Japanese patient, was identified in a confirmed GSD-IIIa Caucasian patient presenting with mild clinical symptoms. These two mutations together account for more than 12% of the molecular defects in the GSD-III patients tested. Our molecular and clinical data suggest a genotype-phenotype correlation for each of these mutations. Furthermore, this current study, coupled with our previous reports, describes the molecular tools necessary for the development of a DNA-based diagnostic test for GSD-III.
Shaiu, WL; Kishnani, PS; Shen, J; Liu, HM; Chen, YT
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