Laparoscopy and mesothelioma.
Malignant mesothelioma is a well-recognized long-term sequela of chronic asbestos exposure. Asbestos use in the United States began in the 1950s and was widespread until the mid-1970s. Although currently only 2.2 cases per million population per year are diagnosed, disease incidence is increasing because of the long latency of this neoplasm. A latency of 15-50 years means that a higher incidence of this neoplasm can be anticipated in the future. The authors report a patient with peritoneal mesothelioma and no known prior exposure to asbestos. The diagnosis was confirmed by exploratory laparoscopy, which entailed biopsies of the diaphragm and of the peritoneal and abdominal walls, and by cytologic evaluation of 700 ml ascitis fluid. At present, exploratory laparoscopy offers the quickest, safest, and least invasive way to confirm the clinical diagnosis of peritoneal malignant mesothelioma.
Stamat, JC; Chekan, EG; Ali, A; Ko, A; Sporn, TA; Eubanks, WS
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