Signal transduction cascades regulating fungal development and virulence.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Cellular differentiation, mating, and filamentous growth are regulated in many fungi by environmental and nutritional signals. For example, in response to nitrogen limitation, diploid cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae undergo a dimorphic transition to filamentous growth referred to as pseudohyphal differentiation. Yeast filamentous growth is regulated, in part, by two conserved signal transduction cascades: a mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade and a G-protein regulated cyclic AMP signaling pathway. Related signaling cascades play an analogous role in regulating mating and virulence in the plant fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis and the human fungal pathogens Cryptococcus neoformans and Candida albicans. We review here studies on the signaling cascades that regulate development of these and other fungi. This analysis illustrates both how the model yeast S. cerevisiae can serve as a paradigm for signaling in other organisms and also how studies in other fungi provide insights into conserved signaling pathways that operate in many divergent organisms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lengeler, KB; Davidson, RC; D'souza, C; Harashima, T; Shen, WC; Wang, P; Pan, X; Waugh, M; Heitman, J

Published Date

  • December 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 64 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 746 - 785

PubMed ID

  • 11104818

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11104818

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1092-2172

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/mmbr.64.4.746-785.2000

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States