Regulation of DNA replication in S phase nuclei by ATP and ADP pools.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Synchronized 3T6 (mouse fibroblast) ghost monolayers (isolated nuclei) were utilized to study the effects of ATP and ADP levels on DNA replication in vitro. A system yielding discontinuous semiconservative DNA replication (without any detectable repair) in synchronized S phase nuclei has been developed. Lack of initiation of new sites has been observed in isolated S phase 3T6 nuclei without the presence of cytoplasmic material; DNA synthesis is comprised only of elongation at sites where initiation had previously taken place. DNA synthesis in S phase nuclei proceeded optimally at an ATP concentration of 4-5 mM. High ATP levels as well as high ATP/ADP ratios (produced by an ATP-regenerating system at a variety of ATP concentrations) yielded marked inhibition of [(3)H]dTTP incorporation. The cellular and nuclear pools of ATP and ADP in intact synchronized 3T6 cells were accurately determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography. A good correlation with the studies on isolated nuclei has been observed. Whereas total cellular ATP pools increase during the progression of 3T6 cells from G(1) to S phase of the cell cycle, nuclear ATP pools do not increase, and the nuclear ATP/ADP ratios decrease once the cells enter the S phase of their cycle. These experiments suggest that nuclear ATP pools and ATP/ADP ratios act as S phase controls, regulating DNA elongation at sites where its synthesis has previously been initiated by cytoplasmic factors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rapaport, E; Garcia-Blanco, MA; Zamecnik, PC

Published Date

  • April 1, 1979

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1643 - 1647

PubMed ID

  • 287004

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC383446

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.76.4.1643


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States