Murine polypyrimidine tract binding protein. Purification, cloning, and mapping of the RNA binding domain.
A complex of nucleic acid binding proteins (100, 35, and 25 kDa) was purified to apparent homogeneity from nuclear extracts of the murine plasmacytoma J558L. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of the 25-kDa subunit enabled the isolation of a cDNA that encodes a 528-amino acid protein that is highly homologous to the human 62-kDa human polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) (Garcia-Blanco, M. A., Jamison, S. F., and Sharp, P. A. (1989) Genes & Dev. 3, 1874-1886; Gil, A., Sharp, P. A., Jamison, S. F., and Garcia-Blanco, M. A. (1991) Genes & Dev. 5, 1224-1236; Patton, J. G., Mayer, S. A., Tempst, P., and Nadal-Ginard, B. (1991) Genes & Dev. 5, 1237-1251). Sequence comparison programs suggested the presence of domains related to the RNA recognition motif found in other RNA-binding proteins, and deletion analysis revealed that the carboxyl-terminal 195 amino acids of the recombinant PTB was sufficient for specific binding to pre-mRNAs. Cross-linking experiments identified a 25-kDa protein in crude nuclear extracts of J558L cells that possessed the RNA binding properties of PTB, while a approximately 60-kDa protein is detected in other murine cell lines tested. Thus, the 25-kDa protein found in J558L is likely a proteolytic product of the murine polypyrimidine tract binding protein. A probe derived from the PTB cDNA detected a ubiquitous 3.3-kb mRNA in murine cell lines and a 3.6-kb mRNA in human lines. Southern blot analysis revealed three strongly hybridizing DNA fragments and several more weakly hybridizing bands in mouse, human, and yeast DNA. The role of PTB in pre-mRNA splicing is discussed.
Bothwell, AL; Ballard, DW; Philbrick, WM; Lindwall, G; Maher, SE; Bridgett, MM; Jamison, SF; Garcia-Blanco, MA
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