Therapeutic effect of infused Fluosol-DA/carbogen with ephedrine, flunarizine, or nitroprusside.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

UNLABELLED: The perfluorochemical emulsion Fluosol-DA plus carbogen breathing has been shown to increase the effectiveness of radiation therapy in preclinical solid tumors when the emulsion was administered by i.v. bolus injection. Much of the enhancement in tumor radiation response was lost when the emulsion was administered slowly. PURPOSE: We hypothesized that an increase in tumor perfusion resulted when Fluosol-DA was administered rapidly. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the present study, the alpha/beta agonist ephedrine, the Ca2+ channel blocker flunarizine and the nitric oxide producing vasodilating drug nitroprusside have been tested. RESULTS: Ephedrine administration resulted in a decrease in the radiation plus Fluosol-DA +/- carbogen antitumor effects in both the Lewis lung carcinoma and FSaIIC tumor systems. In contrast, flunarizine administration resulted in an increase in the efficacy of the radiation plus carbogen and the radiation plus Fluosol-DA/carbogen in both tumor systems. Even with flunarizine administration Fluosol-DA delivered slowly was less effective than when the emulsion was given rapidly. Flunarizine with Fluosol-DA infused i.v. over 30 min followed by carbogen breathing prior to and during radiation therapy resulted in a 1.7-1.6-fold increase in response compared with 2.4-2.2-fold with Fluosol-DA administered by injection i.v. and carbogen breathing prior to and during radiation therapy using growth delay of the Lewis lung carcinoma. The effects of nitroprusside were complex. This drug had considerably more effect at 10 Gy than at higher radiation doses. CONCLUSION: These studies suggest that Fluosol-DA given by i.v. injection may increase tumor perfusion and that a drug like flunarizine may be beneficial if the Fluosol-DA is administered slowly followed by carbogen breathing and radiation therapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Teicher, BA; Holden, SA; Northey, D; Dewhirst, MW; Herman, TS

Published Date

  • April 30, 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 103 - 109

PubMed ID

  • 8482616

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0360-3016

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0360-3016(93)90179-y


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States