Amino acid sequences of substrate-binding sites in chicken liver fatty acid synthase.
The amino acid sequences of three essential regions of chicken liver fatty acid synthase have been determined: that around 4'-phosphopantetheine ("carrier" site), the substrate "loading" site containing serine, and a "waiting" site for the growing fatty acid containing cysteine. The amino acid sequence of the 4'-phosphopantetheine region was determined for the acetyl-, malonyl-, hydroxybutyryl-, and butyryl-enzyme with peptides obtained by hydrolysis of the enzyme with trypsin and Staphylococcus aureus (V8) protease. The sequence region around the essential serine was obtained for the acetyl- and malonyl-enzyme. The N-terminus of the tryptic peptide was blocked. However, the same sequence is obtained for the acetyl- and malonyl-peptide after S. aureus protease digestion, suggesting that the enzyme contains a single acyl transferase rather than two separate transacylases. The sequence around the cysteine was obtained by use of a radioactive iodoacetamide label. An unusual sequence of three serines adjacent to the cysteine was found. The strong similarities between peptides from different species for all three of the regions suggest that the multifunctional polypeptides from yeast and animals have evolved from the monofunctional enzymes of lower species.
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