A kinetic study of the subunit dissociation and reassembly of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase.

Published

Journal Article

The kinetics of dissociation and reassembly of rabbit skeletal muscle phosphofructokinase has been studied using fluorescence, stopped-flow fluorescence and enzyme activity measurements. The dissociation of the fully active tetramer in 0.8 M guanidine hydrochloride (0.1 M potassium phosphate, pH 8.0) occurs in three kinetic phases as measured by changes in the protein fluorescence emission intensity: dissociation of tetramer to dimer with a relaxation time of a few milliseconds; dissociation of dimer to monomer with a relaxation time of a few seconds; and a conformational change of the monomer with a relaxation time of a few minutes. All three phases exhibit first-order kinetics; ATP (0.05 mM) retards the second step but does not influence the rate of the other two processes. The rate of the second process increases with decreasing temperature; this may be due to the involvement of hydrophobic interactions in the stabilization of the dimeric enzyme. A further unfolding of the monomer polypeptide chain occurs at higher guanidine concentrations, and the relaxation time associated with this process was found to be 83 ms in 2.5 M guanidine, 0.1 M potassium phosphate (pH 8.0) at 23 degrees C. The phosphofructokinase monomers were reassembled from 0.8 M guanidine chloride by 1:10 dilution of the guanidine hydrochloride concentration and yielded a protein with 70-94% of the original activity, depending on the protein concentration. The reactivation process follows second-order kinetics; ATP (5 mM) increases the rate of reactivation without altering the reaction order, while fructose 6-phosphate does not influence the rate of reaction. The rate-determining step is probably the association of monomers to form the dimer.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Parr, GR; Hammes, GG

Published Date

  • February 1, 1976

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 857 - 862

PubMed ID

  • 129154

Pubmed Central ID

  • 129154

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-4995

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bi00649a020

Language

  • eng