Dopamine turnover in the mediobasal hypothalamus in rat fetuses.
In this study, the dopamine turnover in the mediobasal hypothalamus, the key compartment of the neuroendocrine regulation of reproduction, was evaluated in fetal male and female rats. High-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection was used to measure 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine, dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in the mediobasal hypothalamus of fetuses on the 21st day of intrauterine development and in primary cell culture (cell extracts and culture medium) of the same brain region, explanted at the 17th fetal day and maintained for seven days. The same technique was applied to determine dopamine release from fetal neurons of the mediobasal hypothalamus in response to an excess of K+ in the perifusion system or in culture. L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine, dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid were detected both ex vivo and in culture. The ratios of the concentrations of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine/dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid/dopamine were significantly higher in vitro than ex vivo, showing a lower rate of dopamine production and a higher rate of its degradation in the experiments in vitro. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that an excess of K+, i.e. a membrane depolarization, resulted in a highly increased release of dopamine in the perifusion system and in culture. The dopaminergic activity in the developing mediobasal hypothalamus showed sexual dimorphism that was manifested in a greater concentration of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and dopamine, at least in cell extracts of cultures, as well as in a higher rate of dopamine release, both in the perifusion system and in culture in males compared to females. Thus, dopamine is synthesized and released in response to a membrane depolarization in the mediobasal hypothalamus of rats as early as the end of intrauterine development, suggesting its contribution to the inhibitory control of pituitary prolactin secretion.
Melnikova, V; Orosco, M; Calas, A; Sapronova, A; Gainetdinov, R; Delhaye-Bouchaud, N; Nicolaidis, S; Rayevsky, K; Ugrumov, M
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