Dopamine transporter is required for in vivo MPTP neurotoxicity: evidence from mice lacking the transporter.


Journal Article

The neurotoxic effect of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was tested on mice lacking the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT-/- mice). Striatal tissue DA content and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mRNA expression were assessed as markers of MPTP neurotoxicity. MPTP (30 mg/kg, s.c., b.i.d.) produced an 87% decrease in tissue DA levels and a 29-fold increase in the level of GFAP mRNA in the striatum of wild-type animals 48 h after administration. Conversely, there were no significant changes in either parameter in DAT-/- mice. Heterozygotes demonstrated partial sensitivity to MPTP administration as shown by an intermediate value (48%) of tissue DA loss. Direct intrastriatal infusion of the active metabolite of MPTP, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+; 10 mM), via a microdialysis probe produced a massive efflux of DA in wild-type mice (>320-fold). In the DAT-/- mice the same treatment produced a much smaller increase in extracellular DA (sixfold), which is likely secondary to tissue damage due to the implantation of the dialysis probe. These observations show that the DAT is a mandatory component for expression of MPTP toxicity in vivo.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gainetdinov, RR; Fumagalli, F; Jones, SR; Caron, MG

Published Date

  • September 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 1322 - 1325

PubMed ID

  • 9282960

Pubmed Central ID

  • 9282960

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3042

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1997.69031322.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England