Solvation of fluorinated single-wall carbon nanotubes in alcohol solvents
Highly purified single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were fluorinated to form "fluorotubes", which were then solvated as individual tubes in various alcohol solvents via ultrasonication. The solvation of individual fluorotubes was verified by dispersing the tubes on a mica substrate and examining them with atomic force microscopy (AFM). Elemental analysis of the tubes reveals that light sonication in alcohol solvents does not remove significant amounts of the fluorine. While these solutions are metastable, they will persist long enough (over a week) to permit solution-phase chemistry to be carried out on the fluorotubes. For example, the solvated fluorotubes can be precipitated out of solution with hydrazine to yield normal, unfluorinated SWNTs, or they can be reacted with sodium methoxide to yield what are apparently methoxylated SWNTs. These reaction products have been examined with elemental analysis and a variety of spectroscopies and microscopies. © 1999 American Chemical Society.
Mickelson, ET; Chiang, IW; Zimmerman, JL; Boul, PJ; Lozano, J; Liu, J; Smalley, RE; Hauge, RH; Margrave, JL
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