Juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome.
Juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome (JPFS) is a common musculoskeletal pain syndrome of unknown etiology characterized by widespread persistent pain, sleep disturbance, fatigue, and the presence of multiple discrete tender points on physical examination. Other associated symptoms include chronic anxiety or tension, chronic headaches, subjective soft tissue swelling, and pain modulated by physical activity, weather, and anxiety or stress. Research and clinical observations suggest that JPFS may have a chronic course that impacts the functional status and psychosocial development of children and adolescents. In addition, several factors have been implicated in the etiology and maintenance of JPFS including genetic and anatomic factors, disordered sleep, psychological distress, and familial and environmental influences. A multidisciplinary approach to treatment of JPFS is advocated, including pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions (eg, psychotherapy, aerobic exercise, sleep hygiene).
Anthony, KK; Schanberg, LE
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