Molecular characterization of TRP1, a gene coding for tryptophan synthetase in the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus.
We utilized a cloned gene (TRP5) encoding tryptophan synthetase (TSase) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae to identify and clone the corresponding gene (TRP1) from the basidiomycete Coprinus cinereus. The primary nucleotide (nt) sequence of this gene was determined and compared to sequences from other filamentous fungi, as well as to other genes coding for TSase. A transformation assay was used to demonstrate that 321 nt, which do not include CAAT or TATAAA elements and precede the translation initiation codon, are sufficient for expression in a variety of chromosomal locations. The coding region (2584 nt) is interrupted at nine positions, and putative splicing signals (5'-GTRNGT...YAG-3') are present in each case. The predicted translation product contains 702 amino acids (aa) and is very similar to other TSases, except in the region of aa 257-296 that connects the alpha and beta functional domains. Both the number and the identity of the aa differ in this region between C. cinereus. S. cerevisiae, and Neurospora crassa. Comparison of exon boundaries in the C. cinereus sequence to the three-dimensional structure of Salmonella typhimurium TSase indicates that there is no simple correlation between exons and major functional domains in this protein.
Skrzynia, C; Binninger, DM; Alspaugh, JA; Pukkila, PJ
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