Sarcoma of bone and soft tissue following treatment of Hodgkin's disease.
Intensive chemotherapy and radiotherapy of Hodgkin's Disease has resulted in improved survival rates. With long-term follow-up, however, a risk of secondary malignancy in these individuals is now appreciated. The authors of this report have encountered five patients who developed bone or soft tissue sarcomata more than 5 years after treatment of Hodgkin's Disease. The four males and one female ranged in age from 14 to 74 years at the time of diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease. Two had received radiotherapy alone for treatment of Hodgkin's disease, two were treated with radiation and chemotherapy, and one received only chemotherapy. The latent period prior to diagnosis of sarcoma ranged from 6 to 11 years. There was one case each of neurofibrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, liposarcoma and leiomyosarcoma. Four patients died within 1 year of the diagnosis of sarcoma. One is alive with no evidence of disease 2 years following diagnosis and surgical excision of the sarcoma. On the basis of the Massachusetts General Hospital experience in the treatment of Hodgkin's Disease, the authors calculate a risk of 0.9% of sarcoma occurring in five year survivors of Hodgkin's disease. Previously reported cases of sarcoma following treatment of Hodgkin's disease are summarized. The pertinent literature is reviewed.
Halperin, EC; Greenberg, MS; Suit, HD
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