Cyclization/hydrosilylation of functionalized 1,6-diynes catalyzed by cationic platinum complexes containing bidentate nitrogen ligands.
A 1:1 mixture of the platinum dimethyl diimine complex [PhN[double bond]C(Me)C(Me)[double bond]NPh]PtMe(2) (4a) and B(C(6)F(5))(3) catalyzed the cyclization/hydrosilylation of dimethyl dipropargylmalonate (1) and HSiEt(3) to form 1,1-dicarbomethoxy-3-methylene-4-(triethylsilylmethylene)cyclopentane (3) in 82% isolated yield with 26:1 Z:E selectivity. Platinum-catalyzed diyne cyclization/hydrosilylation tolerated a range of functional groups including esters, sulfones, acetals, silyl ethers, amides, and hindered ketones. Diynes that possessed propargylic substitution underwent facile cyclization/hydrosilylation to form silylated 1,2-dialkylidene cyclopentanes as mixtures of regioisomers. Diynes that possessed an electron-deficient internal alkyne underwent cyclization/hydrosilylation in moderate yield to form products resulting from silyl transfer to the less substituted alkyne. The silylated 1,2-dialkylidenecyclopentanes formed via diyne cyclization/hydrosilylation underwent a range of transformations including protodesilylation, Z/E isomerization, and [4 + 2] cycloaddition with dieneophiles.
Wang, X; Chakrapani, H; Madine, JW; Keyerleber, MA; Widenhoefer, RA
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