Synthesis, ligand pK(a), and Fe(III) complexation constants for a series of bipodal dihydroxamic acids.
The synthesis of four bipodal dihydroxamic acids containing an apical C atom and amide linkages is described, where Ia,b represent "normal" and "retro" hydroxamate isomers: (R)CH[C(=O)NH(CH(2))(2)NHC(=O)(CH(2))(n)()R'](2) (Ia, R = CH(3), R' = N(OH)(C=O)CH(3), n = 2; Ib, R = CH(3), R' = (C=O)N(OH)CH(3), n = 2; Ic, R = CH(3), R' = (C=O)N(OH)CH(3), n = 3; Id, R = C(4)H(9), R' = (C=O)N(OH)CH(3), n = 2.). The pK(a1) and pK(a2) values in aqueous solution are reported, and some degree of cooperativity is noted. Complexation equilibria with Fe(aq)(3+) are described, and values for stepwise and overall equilibrium constants are reported. log beta(230) values for Ia-d are 59.22, 59.45, 58.91, and 58.46, slightly lower than for rhodotorulic acid, although the pFe values for the synthetic siderophores are comparable to that for rhodotorulic acid.
Nguyen-Van-Duong, MK; Guillot, V; Nicolas, L; Gaudemer, A; Lowry, L; Spasojević, I; Crumbliss, AL
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