Kinetics and mechanism of a catalytic chloride ion effect on the dissociation of model siderophore hydroxamate-iron(III) complexes.
Proton-driven ligand dissociation kinetics in the presence of chloride, bromide, and nitrate ions have been investigated for model siderophore complexes of Fe(III) with the mono- and dihydroxamic acid ligands R(1)C(=O)N(OH)R(2) (R(1) = CH(3), R(2) = H; R(1) = CH(3), R(2) = CH(3); R(1) = C(6)H(5), R(2) = H; R(1) = C(6)H(5), R(2) = C(6)H(5)) and CH(3)N(OH)C(=O)[CH(2)](n)C(=O)N(OH)CH(3) (H(2)L(n); n = 2, 4, 6). Significant rate acceleration in the presence of chloride ion is observed for ligand dissociation from the bis(hydroxamate)- and mono(hydroxamate)-bound complexes. Rate acceleration was also observed in the presence of bromide and nitrate ions but to a lesser extent. A mechanism for chloride ion catalysis of ligand dissociation is proposed which involves chloride ion dependent parallel paths with transient Cl(-) coordination to Fe(III). The labilizing effect of Cl(-) results in an increase in microscopic rate constants on the order of 10(2)-10(3). Second-order rate constants for the proton driven dissociation of dinuclear Fe(III) complexes formed with H(2)L(n)() were found to vary with Fe-Fe distance. An analysis of these data permits us to propose a reactive intermediate of the structure (H(2)O)(4)Fe(L(n)())Fe(HL(n))(Cl)(OH(2))(2+) for the chloride ion dependent ligand dissociation path. Environmental and biological implications of chloride ion enhancement of Fe(III)-ligand dissociation reactions are presented.
Boukhalfa, H; Crumbliss, AL
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