Aqueous solution speciation of Fe(III) complexes with dihydroxamate siderophores alcaligin and rhodotorulic acid and synthetic analogues using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
Aqueous solutions of Fe3+ complexes of cyclic (alcaligin) and linear (rhodotorulic acid) dihydroxamate siderophores and synthetic linear eight-carbon-chain and two-carbon-chain dihydroxamic acids ([CH3N(OH)C=O)]2(CH2)n; H2Ln; n = 2 and 8) were investigated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). Information was obtained relevant to the structure and the speciation of various Fe(III)-dihydroxamate complexes present in aqueous solution by (1) comparing different ionization techniques (ESI and FAB), (2) altering the experimental parameters (Fe3+/ligand ratio, pH, cone voltage), (3) using high-stability hexacoordinated Fe(III) siderophore complex mixtures (ferrioxamine B/ferrioxamine E) as a calibrant to quantify intrinsically neutral (H+ clustered or protonated) and intrinsically charged complexes, and (4) using mixed-metal complexes containing Fe3+, Ga3+, and Al3+. These results illustrate that for all dihydroxamic acid ligands investigated multiple tris- and bis-chelated mono- and di-Fe(III) species are present in relative concentrations that depend on the pH and Fe/L ratio.
Spasojević, I; Boukhalfa, H; Stevens, RD; Crumbliss, AL
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