Kinetics and mechanism of iron(III) dissociation from the dihydroxamate siderophores alcaligin and rhodotorulic acid.
The kinetics and mechanism of siderophore ligand dissociation from their fully chelated Fe(III) complexes is described for the highly preorganized cyclic tetradentate alcaligin and random linear tetradentate rhodotorulic acid in aqueous solution at 25 degrees C (Fe2L3 + 6H+ reversible 2 Fe3+ aq + 3 H2L). At siderophore:Fe(III) ratios where Fe(III) is hexacoordinated, kinetic data for the H(+)-driven ligand dissociation from the Fe2L3 species is consistent with a singly ligand bridged structure for both the alcaligin and rhodotorulic acid complexes. Proton-driven ligand dissociation is found to proceed via parallel reaction paths for rhodotorulic acid, in contrast with the single path previously observed for the linear trihydroxamate siderophore ferrioxamine B. Parallel paths are also available for ligand dissociation from Fe2(alcaligin)3, although the efficiency of one path is greatly diminished and dissociation of the bis coordinated complex Fe(alcaligin)(OH2)2+ is extremely slow (k = 10(-5) M-1 s-1) due to the high degree of preorganization in the alcaligin siderophore. Mechanistic interpretations were further confirmed by investigating the kinetics of ligand dissociation from the ternary complexes Fe(alcaligin)(L) in aqueous acid where L = N-methylacetohydroxamic acid and glycine hydroxamic acid. The existence of multiple ligand dissociation paths is discussed in the context of siderophore mediated microbial iron transport.
Boukhalfa, H; Brickman, TJ; Armstrong, SK; Crumbliss, AL
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