The synthesis and antineoplastic activity of 2'-deoxy-nucleoside-cyanoboranes in murine and human culture cells.
The guanine, inosine, adenine and cytidine deoxyriboside cyanoboranes proved to be cytotoxic and possess in vivo antineoplastic activity against murine and human single cells and cultured cells derived from solid tumor lines. The agents preferentially inhibited DNA synthesis in Tmolt3 leukemic cells. The enzyme sites of drug inhibition of two active derivatives were DNA polymerase-alpha and de novo purine synthesis at the regulatory sites, PRPP amido transferase and IMP dehydrogenase. Moderate inhibition by the agents of TDP kinase and ribonucleoside reductase activities also occurred. Kinetic studies showed that IMP dehydrogenase activity was inhibited the earliest of all of the enzymes affected by the drugs. The d(ATP) pools were also reduced by drug treatment. DNA strand scission was evident after 24 hr incubation at 100 microM of drug. The 14C-cytidine-cyanoborane drug was rapidly taken up over 6 hr and most effective uptake was shown by rapidly dividing cells. The drug was bound to DNA, RNA and protein in Tmolt3 leukemic cells.
Sood, A; Spielvogel, BF; Shaw, BR; Carlton, LD; Burnham, BS; Hall, ES; Hall, IH
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