Synthesis of isomeric 3-piperidinyl and 3-pyrrolidinyl benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridines: sulfonamido derivatives as inhibitors of Ras prenylation.
Blocking farnesylation of oncogenic Ras proteins is a mechanism based therapeutic approach that is of current interest for the development of antitumor agents to treat ras associated tumors. As part of a SAR study on the lead farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) inhibitor I, we report here the synthesis of novel geometric isomers II and III and the FPT inhibition activity of their N-acyl and N-sulfonamido derivatives 15-65. The N-acyl derivatives are markedly less active than the lead inhibitor I thereby demonstrating that the spatial location of the N-acyl group in I is critical for binding of the compound to FPT. In contrast to I, the N-sulfonamido-II series is a novel lead of non-sulfhydryl, nonpeptidic compounds that are dual FPT/GGPT inhibitors. In light of recent reports on the alternative prenylation of N- and K-Ras, dual FPT/GGPT inhibitors may be required to control cell proliferation in tumors containing activated Ras.
Kelly, J; Wolin, R; Connolly, M; Afonso, A; James, L; Kirshmeier, P; Bishop, WR; McPhail, AT
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