Protein phosphatase 2A inhibitors, I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A), associate with and modify the substrate specificity of protein phosphatase 1.

Published

Journal Article

Recombinant I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) did not affect the activity of the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1(C)) with (32)P-labeled myelin basic protein, histone H1, and phosphorylase when assayed in the absence of divalent cations. However, in the presence of Mn(2+), I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) stimulated PP1(C) activity by 15-20-fold with myelin basic protein and histone H1 but not phosphorylase. Half-maximal stimulation occurred at 2 and 4 nM I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A), respectively. Moreover, I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) reduced the Mn(2+) requirement by about 30-fold to 10 microM. In contrast, PP1(C) activity was unaffected by I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) in the presence of Co(3+) (0.1 mM), Mg(2+) (2 mM), Ca(2+) (0.5 mM), and Zn(2+) (0.1 mM). Following gel filtration chromatography on Sephacryl S-200 in the presence of Mn(2+), PP1(C) coeluted with I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) in the void volume. However, when I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) or Mn(2+) were omitted, PP1(C) emerged with a V(e)/V(0) of approximately 1.6. The results demonstrate that I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) associate with and modify the substrate specificity of PP1(C) in the presence of physiological concentrations of Mn(2+). A novel role is suggested for I(1)(PP2A) and I(2)(PP2A) in the reciprocal regulation of two major mammalian serine/threonine phosphatases, PP1 and PP2A.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Katayose, Y; Li, M; Al-Murrani, SW; Shenolikar, S; Damuni, Z

Published Date

  • March 31, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 275 / 13

Start / End Page

  • 9209 - 9214

PubMed ID

  • 10734057

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10734057

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.275.13.9209

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States