Defective parathyroid hormone regulation of NHE3 activity and phosphate adaptation in cultured NHERF-1-/- renal proximal tubule cells.
The present experiments using primary cultures of renal proximal tubule cells derived from wild-type and NHERF-1 knockout animals examines the regulation of NHE3 by phenylthiohydantoin (PTH) and the regulation of phosphate transport in response to alterations in the media content of phosphate. Forskolin (34.8 +/- 6.2%) and PTH (29.7 +/- 1.8%) inhibited NHE3 activity in wild-type proximal tubule cells but neither forskolin (-3.2 +/- 3.3%) nor PTH (-16.6 +/- 8.1%) inhibited NHE3 activity in NHERF-1(-/-) cells. Using adenovirus-mediated gene transfer, expression of NHERF-1 in NHERF-1(-/-) proximal tubule cells restored the inhibitory response to forskolin (28.2 +/- 3.0%) and PTH (33.2 +/- 3.9%). Compared with high phosphate media, incubation of wild-type cells in low phosphate media resulted in a 36.0 +/- 6.3% higher rate of sodium-dependent phosphate transport and a significant increase in the abundance of Npt2a and PDZK1. NHERF-1(-/-) cells, on the other hand, had lower rates of sodium-dependent phosphate uptake and low phosphate media did not stimulate phosphate transport. Npt2a expression was not affected by the phosphate content of the media in NHERF-1 null cells although low phosphate media up-regulated PDZK1 abundance. Primary cultures of mice proximal tubule cells retain selected regulatory pathways observed in intact kidneys. NHERF-1(-/-) proximal tubule cells demonstrate defective regulation of NHE3 by PTH and indicate that reintroduction of NHERF-1 repairs this defect. NHERF-1(-/-) cells also do not adapt to alterations in the phosphate content of the media indicating that the defect resides within the cells of the proximal tubule and is not dependent on systemic factors.
Cunningham, R; Steplock, D; Wang, F; Huang, H; E, X; Shenolikar, S; Weinman, EJ
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