Gating of CaMKII by cAMP-regulated protein phosphatase activity during LTP.
Long-term potentiation (LTP) at the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapse involves interacting signaling components, including calcium (Ca2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) pathways. Postsynaptic injection of thiophosphorylated inhibitor-1 protein, a specific inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), substituted for cAMP pathway activation in LTP. Stimulation that induced LTP triggered cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of endogenous inhibitor-1 and a decrease in PP1 activity. This stimulation also increased phosphorylation of CaMKII at Thr286 and Ca2+-independent CaMKII activity in a cAMP-dependent manner. The blockade of LTP by a CaMKII inhibitor was not overcome by thiophosphorylated inhibitor-1. Thus, the cAMP pathway uses PP1 to gate CaMKII signaling in LTP.
Blitzer, RD; Connor, JH; Brown, GP; Wong, T; Shenolikar, S; Iyengar, R; Landau, EM
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