Does test-induced priming play a role in the creation of false memories?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We investigated the role of test-induced priming in creating false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm, in which subjects study lists of related words (bed, rest, awake) and then falsely recall or recognise a related word (sleep) on a later test. However, in experiments using three different procedures, we found that the number of related words tested prior to the critical word had surprisingly little impact on false recall and recognition. We manipulated the location of the critical item in tests of yes/no recognition, word-stem cued recall, and part-set cued recall. We consistently obtained high probabilities of false recall and recognition, but the probability was unaffected by the number of related items presented prior to the test of the critical item. Surprisingly, test-induced priming of the critical item does not seem to play a large role in this memory illusion.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Marsh, EJ; McDermott, KB; Roediger, HL

Published Date

  • January 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 44 - 55

PubMed ID

  • 15098620

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-0686

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0965-8211

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/09658210244000405


  • eng