Different Developmental Courses for Very-Low-Birthweight Infants Differing in Early Head Growth

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Very-low-birthweight (<1500 grams) infants were divided into four groups using head circumference at birth (normocephalic vs. microcephalic) and head circumference change from birth to 6 weeks (≥3.5 cm vs. <3.5 cm). Normocephalic/≥3.5 cm infants (n = 32) did not differ from a matched group of full-term infants (n = 95) in growth, neurological functioning, or Bayley Mental Development Index and Psychomotor Development Index scores at 6, 15, and 24 months adjusted age. Microcephalic/<3.5 cm infants (n = 9) had increased incidences of growth failure, neurological defects, and marked continuing delays in MDI and PDI. Microcephalic/≥3.5 cm infants (n = 12) had an increased incidence of early delays in MDI and PDI (<84 at 6 months) but thereafter did not differ from full-term infants. Normocephalic/<3.5 cm infants (n = 32) had increased incidences of neurological defects and early delays as well as late-appearing delays (<84 at 24 months) in Bayley Scale performance; those with no delay still scored lower than full-term infants with no delay. Additional correlates of "catch-up" development and late-appearing delays were sought. © 1985 American Psychological Association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Eckerman, CO; Sturm, LA; Gross, SJ

Published Date

  • September 1, 1985

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 813 - 827

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-1649

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0012-1649.21.5.813

Citation Source

  • Scopus