A cross-cultural comparison of depressive symptom manifestation: China and the United States.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This study compared depressive symptomatology among Chinese psychiatric outpatients versus the general Chinese population, and across 3 cultural groups--Chinese, Chinese American, and Caucasian American students--by use of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D; L. S. Radloff, 1977) and the Chinese Depression Scale (N. Lin, 1989), translated from the CES-D. Results indicate that Chinese patients (n = 112) endorsed a higher proportion of somatic symptoms than nonpatients (n = 112). The intercultural comparison found that Chinese students (n = 98) had the lowest levels of somatic depressive symptom endorsement compared to both U.S. groups (n = 198). These findings seem to suggest that the tendency toward somatic symptom reporting is not any greater among Chinese populations but may be a function of having a mental illness or of help seeking in China.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yen, S; Robins, CJ; Lin, N

Published Date

  • December 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 68 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 993 - 999

PubMed ID

  • 11142551

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-006X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-006x.68.6.993


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States