Isoform-specific induction of a retinoid-responsive antigen after biolistic transfection of chimaeric retinoic acid/thyroid hormone receptors into a regenerating limb.


Journal Article

Retinoic acid (RA) induces secretory differentiation in the wound epidermis of a regenerating amphibian limb. We investigated the role of individual RA receptor (RAR) types in the newt wound epidermis by introducing chimaeric RA/thyroid hormone (T3) receptors (chi alpha 1 and chi delta 1) that can be activated by T3. A biolistic particle delivery system was employed to transfect cells in the wound epidermis of a regenerating limb and approximately 10% of the cells in targeted surface areas expressed marker genes. Both chi alpha 1 and chi delta 1 were comparable in their ability to stimulate transcription of a synthetic reporter construct through a RA response element after activation with T3 in situ. This activation was also comparable to that obtained by the endogenous complement of RARs in the RA-treated, transfected wound epidermis. The RA-inducible WE3 antigen, a marker for secretory differentiation, which distinguishes the wound epidermis from normal skin (Tassava, R. A., Johnson-Wint, B. and Gross, J. 1986, J. Exp. Zool. 239, 229-240), was used to assess the functional role of chi alpha 1 and chi delta 1. Chimaeric receptors were transfected with an alkaline phosphatase marker gene, activated with T3, and the expression of both the marker and WE3 was analyzed by double-label immunofluorescence. Newt limbs transfected with chi delta 1 showed many double-labelled cells dependent on the presence of T3, whereas contralateral limbs transfected with an alkaline phosphatase marker lacking chimaeric receptor sequences did not.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Pecorino, LT; Lo, DC; Brockes, JP

Published Date

  • February 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 120 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 325 - 333

PubMed ID

  • 8149912

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8149912

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0950-1991


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England