Efficient Algorithm on a Non-staggered Mesh for Simulating
Rayleigh-Benard Convection in a Box
An efficient semi-implicit second-order-accurate finite-difference method is
described for studying incompressible Rayleigh-Benard convection in a box, with
sidewalls that are periodic, thermally insulated, or thermally conducting.
Operator-splitting and a projection method reduce the algorithm at each time
step to the solution of four Helmholtz equations and one Poisson equation, and
these are are solved by fast direct methods. The method is numerically stable
even though all field values are placed on a single non-staggered mesh
commensurate with the boundaries. The efficiency and accuracy of the method are
characterized for several representative convection problems.