Bayesian robustness and the stein effect
In simultaneous estimation of normal means, it is shown that through use of the Stein effect surprisingly large gains of a Bayesian nature can be achieved, at little or no cost, if the prior information is misspecified. This provides a justification, in terms of robustness with respect to mis-specification of the prior, for employing the Stein effect, even when combining a priori independent problems (i.e., problems in which no empirical Bayes effects are obtainable). To study this issue, a class of minimax estimators that closely mimic the conjugate prior Bayes estimators is introduced. © 1982 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
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