Evidence for the involvement of platelet glycoproteins other than GP Ib in heparin-associated thrombocytopenia and thrombosis.

Published

Journal Article

Heparin-associated thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (HATT) is a potentially fatal complication of heparin therapy which is characterized by a progressive fall in the platelet count associated with arterial or venous thrombosis. The etiology is consistent with the development an antibody which, in the presence of heparin, induces intravascular platelet aggregation. Biochemical analysis has demonstrated that the platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP) Ib binds heparin. Recent studies have shown that polyclonal antisera or monoclonal antibodies to GP Ib can inhibit platelet aggregation induced by HATT plasma in the presence of heparin implicating GP Ib as the site of heparin-antibody interaction. The Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS) is an inherited bleeding disorder in which the platelets fail to adhere to exposed subendothelium due to a deficiency of GP Ib. We have used the platelets from a patient with documented BSS to further investigate the role of GP Ib in the heparin- dependent platelet aggregation induced by the plasma of three patients with HATT. We have shown that platelet aggregation by HATT plasma in the presence of heparin occurred as readily with BSS platelets as with normal donor platelets. These results indicate that glycoprotein Ib cannot be the only site of platelet-heparin-antibody interactions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Makhoul, RG; Devine, DV; Brenckman, WD; McCann, RL; Greenberg, CS

Published Date

  • February 15, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 421 - 425

PubMed ID

  • 3576525

Pubmed Central ID

  • 3576525

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0049-3848

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0049-3848(87)90231-3

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States