Influence of amino acids encoded in the 3' open reading frame of the SV40 early region on transformation and antigenicity of large T antigen.
The mutant dlA2414 bears a frame-shift deletion of nucleotides 2936-2927 in the coding sequence for the simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen. Based on its nucleotide sequence, this mutant should produce a T antigen containing the first 627 authentic large T antigen amino acids followed by 97 amino acids encoded in the alternate open reading frame at the 3' end of the early region. This protein resembles the hypothetical T* protein that would be translated from an early SV40 mRNA if it were spliced to permit utilization of the open reading frame. We show that stable mouse cell lines can be generated that express the T antigen produced by dlA2414 and that this T antigen has an altered carboxy terminus. In addition, the expected tryptic peptides were missing from the large T antigen and replaced by more hydrophobic peptides. The T*-like protein produced by dlA2414 was apparently less stable than wild-type T antigen and did not stably complex with the cellular phosphoprotein p53. This protein retained the ability to immunize mice against a challenge of syngeneic SV40-tumor cells. The dlA2414 T antigen was expressed at the surface of cells as shown by in vitro lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity assay. The results presented here also showed that the expression of a T*-like protein at the cell surface is not likely to be essential for tumorigenesis of cells transformed by SV40.
Tevethia, MJ; Anderson, RW; Tevethia, SS; Simmons, D; Feunteun, J; Cole, C
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