Cryosurgical ablation of accessory atrioventricular connections: a method for correction of the pre-excitation syndrome.
Cryothermia, a new technique for definitive treatment of the pre-excitation syndrome, is described in two patients. The first patient presented with a normal P-R interval with a delta wave and reciprocating tachycardia. Preoperative electrophysiologic study suggested a free-wall atrioventricular connection on the left posterior atrioventricular (A-V) groove. At surgery, epicardial mapping confirmed the site of pre-excitation on the posterior left ventricular (LV) wall. An electrogram arising from the accessory pathway (AP) was recorded at the site of earliest ventricular activation. Interatrial delay combined with an apparently long accessory pathway to the ventricle caused the P-R interval to appear normal. Local pressure abolished pre-excitation. The site of early ventricular activation was cooled to -60 degrees C with a specially designed cryoprobe. All evidence of pre-excitation and arrhythmias disappeared. The second patient presented with a refractory reciprocating tachycardia and was found to have an AP in the septum capable of only retrograde conduction. Retrograde conduction was abolished by applying a temperature of 0 degrees C to the anulus at this site during tachycardia. Conduction over the AP and reciprocating tachycardia returned with rewarming. Ablation of the AP was obtained by applying a temperature of -60 degrees C for 90 seconds on two occasions to the same area. The His bundle was not injured.
Gallagher, JJ; Sealy, WC; Anderson, RW; Kasell, J; Millar, R; Campbell, RW; Harrison, L; Pritchett, EL; Wallace, AG
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